What Causes Gum Disease?
In the following video, Brent Bradford, DDS, details the origins of gum disease and how it develops over time.
Gum disease is primarily caused by the buildup of bacteria in the mouth. This bacteria is ever-present, even with good oral hygiene practices like brushing. It becomes problematic when it adheres to the plaque that accumulates on our teeth. Without regular professional cleanings to remove this plaque, it persists, allowing bacteria to flourish and eventually form pockets around the teeth. As the bacteria infiltrate these pockets, they begin to erode the small fibers that anchor the gum tissue to the bone, leading to inflammation and bleeding. This is often first noticed during brushing when you might see blood mixed with the toothpaste after spitting.
If not addressed, the bacteria will continue to damage the underlying bone structure that supports the teeth, causing them to loosen and, in severe cases, leading to tooth loss. It’s essential to be proactive and consult with a dentist at the first signs of gum issues. Regular dental visits and evaluations are key to preventing and treating gum disease effectively. If you’re experiencing any symptoms, such as bleeding gums, please make an appointment with your dentist for an assessment and appropriate treatment.